As of 2010 the 3D Slicer projects use subversion (svn) for the main repositories. Many project are switching to git and many developers prefer it, but feedback is also mixed about just how easy it is for a large distributed team to standardize on a set of workflows and stick with them (much anecdotal evidence and hearsay omitted).
But, individual developers or groups can use git for their work and then commit the results back to svn. The info here provides a brief set of hints for this.
Install git and git-svn on your machine (git svn is an add-on package, requiring an extra apt-get install on ubuntu).
For these instructions we'll assume you are using github so make yourself an account there (it's free and pretty simple). Configure the account with your email, name, and ssh keys. The git tutorials are never-ending, so don't try to read them all at once. The only way to get good with git is to play around with some dummy repositories while reading various documents until you feel reasonably confident with the way things work.
Make a local clone of Slicer
git svn clone -s -r 15000 http://svn.slicer.org/Slicer3
The -s says that slicer uses the standard trunk/tags/branches svn layout and the -r says grab the history starting at revision 15000 (just to keep things smaller).
git svn fetch git checkout master
push it to github
On github, create a new repository for your account called Slicer3.
Then set up a 'git remote' (basically an alias) to your git hub repository:
git remote add pieperSlicer3 firstname.lastname@example.org:pieper/Slicer3.git
(of course, replace occurrences of 'pieper' with your github username!).
The following command will populate the github master with your Slicer3 master (which is based on trunk).
git push pieperSlicer3 master
Create a topic branch
The 'branchy workflow' method of git is cool because all the changes related to a topic (meaning bug fix, feature addition, refactoring...) can be encapsulated in a lightweight branch that you can easily share with others.
Create a branch called "testbranch" for implementing our topic:
git checkout -b testbranch
(use 'git branch' to list branches and see that you are currently on the testbranch).
Now do some edits. If you create a new file, add it for tracking like so:
echo "new stuff" > newfile git add newfile
As you make the changes, commit them to your local copy and give descriptive comments:
git commit -am "ENH: added a new file with new stuff ..."
(in reality we prefer that you don't use the -m flag and instead us your editor to write a fairly long commit message with as much detail as you can stand to type). Also be sure to start your commit message with ENH, BUG, STYLE,
Whenever you want to sync this up to github, just do:
git push pieperSlicer3 testbranch
Now if you look at the github repository it will have your commits. And you can easily email the link to the diffs off to your collaborators. The can review them, or check them out, make their own clones, or (with your permission) edit and commit back to your branch.
Merging back to the master
git svn dcommit
Once you have the code from the branch just the way you want it, you can merge it back to the master:
git checkout master git merge testbranch
Since we're done with this branch, we can clean it up:
git branch -d testbranch
And, we can get rid of it off of github:
git push pieperSlicer3 testbranch --delete
Committing back to svn
Bring your local master in sync with svn by doing, essentially, the same as 'svn update':
git svn rebase