Difference between revisions of "Documentation/Nightly/Developers/Build Instructions/Prerequisites"

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  sudo apt-get install subversion git-core git-svn
 
  sudo apt-get install subversion git-core git-svn
  
  sudo apt-get install make gcc g++ libx11-dev libxt-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libfontconfig-dev libxrender-dev libncurses5-dev
+
  sudo apt-get install make gcc g++ libx11-dev libxt-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libfontconfig-dev libxrender-dev libncurses5-dev libxkbcommon-x11-0
 +
 
  
 
  sudo apt-get install libosmesa6-dev  # Only for Ubuntu < 14.04.3
 
  sudo apt-get install libosmesa6-dev  # Only for Ubuntu < 14.04.3
Line 210: Line 211:
 
make -j `sysctl -n hw.ncpu`
 
make -j `sysctl -n hw.ncpu`
 
-->
 
-->
 +
 +
 +
==== Mac OSX 10.14 (Mojave) ====
 +
 +
<small>Associated discussion topic is https://discourse.slicer.org/t/building-on-mac-10-14-mojave/4554/21</small>
 +
 +
* Install Qt 5.11.2 using [http://download.qt.io/official_releases/online_installers/qt-unified-mac-x64-online.dmg Qt Online Installer for macOS]
 +
 +
* Install XCode:
 +
 +
<pre>
 +
xcode-select --install
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
 +
* Build qt from homebrew
 +
<pre>
 +
brew install qt
 +
ccmake -DCMAKE_OSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=10.14 -DQt5_DIR=/usr/local//Cellar/qt/5.13.2/lib/cmake/Qt5 ~/slicer/latest/Slicer
 +
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
* Explicitly set the SDK when running make
 +
<pre>
 +
SDKROOT=/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.15.sdk make -j20
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
Note if you have build errors in dcmtk related to iconv symbols, you may need to uninstall the icu4c and dcmtk homebrew packages during the build process.  See [https://github.com/QIICR/dcmqi/issues/395 here] and [https://github.com/Slicer/Slicer/commit/6523a62d776e64f970c554978a3c3a8f26022db5 here].
  
 
=== Windows ===
 
=== Windows ===
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* NSIS (optional): Needed if packaging Slicer - Click [http://nsis.sourceforge.net/Download here] to download. Make sure you install the language packs.
 
* NSIS (optional): Needed if packaging Slicer - Click [http://nsis.sourceforge.net/Download here] to download. Make sure you install the language packs.
  
* Qt5: Download [https://download.qt.io/official_releases/online_installers/qt-unified-windows-x86-online.exe qt-unified-windows-x86-online.exe] and install Qt along with <tt>qtscript</tt> and <tt>qtwebengine</tt> components. For building with VS2015, Qt version 5.10.x or older is required. For more details, read [[Documentation/Nightly/Developers/Build Instructions/Prerequisites/Qt5|step-by-step]] guide.
+
* Qt5: Download download Qt 5.10.0 installer from [https://download.qt.io/archive/qt/5.10/5.10.0 here] and install Qt along with <tt>qtscript</tt> and <tt>qtwebengine</tt> components (5.10.x version is not available in the [https://download.qt.io/official_releases/online_installers/qt-unified-windows-x86-online.exe unified installer]). For building with VS2015, Qt version 5.10.x or older is required (newer versions do not compile with VS2015 due to QWebEngine minimum requirement is VS2017). For more details, read [[Documentation/Nightly/Developers/Build Instructions/Prerequisites/Qt5|step-by-step]] guide.
  
 
==== Tested and recommended build environment ====
 
==== Tested and recommended build environment ====
  
* VS2015
+
* VS2015 (Visual Studio 14 2015 Win64)
 
** Make sure you enable installation of component ''Programming languages / Visual C++ / Common Tools for Visual C++ 2015'' (in some distributions, this option is not enabled by default)
 
** Make sure you enable installation of component ''Programming languages / Visual C++ / Common Tools for Visual C++ 2015'' (in some distributions, this option is not enabled by default)
 
** Installation of [https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt752379.aspx Cumulative Servicing Release for Microsoft Visual Studio 2015 Update 3 (KB3165756)] is required on some older VS2015 distributions
 
** Installation of [https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/mt752379.aspx Cumulative Servicing Release for Microsoft Visual Studio 2015 Update 3 (KB3165756)] is required on some older VS2015 distributions
Line 243: Line 272:
  
 
==== Experimental/deprecated build environments ====
 
==== Experimental/deprecated build environments ====
* [https://visualstudio.microsoft.com/vs/community/ Visual Studio 2017 (Community or any other edition)] with VS2015 build tools (tested, works well)
+
* [https://visualstudio.microsoft.com/vs/community/ Visual Studio 2017 or 2019 (Community or any other edition)] with VS2017 build tools (tested, works well)
 +
** When configuring Visual Studio installer, enable installation of Visual Studio 2017 (v141) toolset
 +
** Visual Studio 2017 toolset must be set in CMake: ''Optional toolset to use (argument to -T)'' need to be set to ''v141''
 +
** Most recent Qt versions can be used (tested with Qt-5.12.7)
 +
* [https://visualstudio.microsoft.com/vs/community/ Visual Studio 2017 or 2019 (Community or any other edition)] with VS2015 build tools (tested, works well)
 
** When configuring Visual Studio installer, enable installation of component ''VC++ 2015.3 v14.00 (v140) toolset for desktop''
 
** When configuring Visual Studio installer, enable installation of component ''VC++ 2015.3 v14.00 (v140) toolset for desktop''
 
** Visual Studio 2015 toolset must be set in CMake: ''Optional toolset to use (argument to -T)'' need to be set to ''v140''
 
** Visual Studio 2015 toolset must be set in CMake: ''Optional toolset to use (argument to -T)'' need to be set to ''v140''
* [https://www.visualstudio.com/en-us/news/vs2013-community-vs.aspx Visual Studio 2013] with Update 5 (deprecated, should still work)
 
** As of [https://github.com/Slicer/Slicer/commit/71602609ce2ae5e473ece392500825ca96213371 commit 7160260]: Slicer compilation is successful, with some caveats.
 
** Build Qt 4.8.7 with SSL support using [https://github.com/jcfr/qt-easy-build/tree/4.8.7 qt-easy-build].
 
** '''Note: be sure to pick the version of qmake that you built in the earlier steps if applicable (CMake may pick a different qmake, for example if installed with anaconda)'''
 
* VS2012 (untested, may work)
 
** Use a desktop version such as [http://www.microsoft.com/visualstudio/eng/downloads#d-express-windows-desktop Visual Studio 2012 Express <b>for Windows Desktop</b>] and remember [http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=38188 Visual Studio 2012 Update 2]). Do <b>not</b> use Visual Studio Express 2012 <em>for Windows 8</em>. You must install [http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms717422.aspx Windows SDK], otherwise CMake will not even find the C compiler during configure. In CMake, choose <tt>Visual Studio 11 Win64</tt> as generator.
 
* VS2010 (untested, probably does not work)
 
** [https://www.microsoft.com/visualstudio/en-us/products/2010-editions Microsoft Visual Studio 2010] (Any edition)
 
** Make sure to build or install:
 
*** Qt 4.8
 
** Make sure to install:
 
*** SP1. Click [http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=23691 here] to download SP1 and click [http://developer.qt.nokia.com/faq/answer/why_do_all_qt_4.7_applications_crash_when_using_windows_7_x64_w_vs_2010 here] to understand the motivation.
 
*** SP1 Compiler update. Click [https://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=4422 here] to download and [http://slicer-devel.65872.n3.nabble.com/Windows-7-64Bits-Slicer-4-Build-with-VC-2010-problem-tt3730524.html#a3731661 here] to understand the motivation.
 
* VS2008 (untested, probably does not work)
 
** [https://www.microsoft.com/visualstudio/en-us/products/2008-editions Microsoft Visual Studio 9 2008] (Any edition). [http://go.microsoft.com/?linkid=7729279 VS Express 2008 with SP1 direct link] (functional as of Jan 11, 2014)
 
** Make sure to install SP1: Click [http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?id=10986 here] to download SP1 and click [http://massmail.spl.harvard.edu/public-archives/slicer-devel/2012/008206.html here] to understand the motivation.
 
*** Make sure to patch VS2008 using the script [https://gist.github.com/jcfr/3c7bef3f8b32f9f6ad4b fix-vc9-redist-manifests.ps1]
 
 
* Cygwin (untested, probably does not work)
 
* Cygwin (untested, probably does not work)
 
** Cygwin suite (building with cygwin gcc not supported, but the cygwin shell environment can be used to run git, svn, etc).
 
** Cygwin suite (building with cygwin gcc not supported, but the cygwin shell environment can be used to run git, svn, etc).

Latest revision as of 19:31, 13 February 2020

Home < Documentation < Nightly < Developers < Build Instructions < Prerequisites


PREREQUISITES

As of early 2018, Slicer migrated to Qt5. Qt4 support was removed in version 4.11. See instructions at this labs page for the new requirements: https://www.slicer.org/wiki/Documentation/Labs/Qt5-and-VTK8


The prerequisites listed below are required to be able to configure/build/package/test Slicer.

Linux

  • CMake >= 3.13.4
  • Git >= 1.7.10
  • Svn >= 1.7
  • Qt 5.11: tested and recommended
    • To build Slicer: install Qt using the distribution package manager.
    • To package and redistribute Slicer: download and execute qt-unified-linux-x64-online.run, install Qt, make sure to select qtscript and qtwebengine components.
  • GCC suite

Debian

  • Debian squeeze/wheezy/testing(jessie) users, start by pasting the following lines in a terminal
sudo apt-get install subversion git-core git-svn
sudo apt-get install build-essential libx11-dev libxt-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libfontconfig-dev libxrender-dev libncurses5-dev
sudo apt-get install cmake
sudo apt-get install qt-sdk


Ubuntu

Common Prerequisites
sudo apt-get install subversion git-core git-svn
sudo apt-get install make gcc g++ libx11-dev libxt-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libglu1-mesa-dev libfontconfig-dev libxrender-dev libncurses5-dev libxkbcommon-x11-0


sudo apt-get install libosmesa6-dev  # Only for Ubuntu < 14.04.3
  1. On Ubuntu 14.04.3 LTS, attempting to install libosmesa6-dev results in an error.
    The following packages have unmet dependencies:
     libosmesa6-dev : Depends: libosmesa6 (= 10.1.3-0ubuntu0.4) but it is not going to be installed
     E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.
    

    For more details, see Bug 1424059.

  1. Slicer compiles successfully without that package, but VTK_OPENGL_HAS_OSMESA is disabled.
  • For Qt5.5 on Ubuntu 16.04
sudo apt-get install libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-dev
CMake
  1. Open a terminal and copy the command reported below
  2. Download stable version of CMake and extract the archive:
    sudo apt-get install curl
    mkdir ~/Support && cd ~/Support
    curl -O https://cmake.org/files/v3.13/cmake-3.13.4-Linux-x86_64.tar.gz
    tar -xzvf cmake-3.13.4-Linux-x86_64.tar.gz
    
  3. Create symbolic links into ~/bin
    mkdir -p ~/bin
    for name in cmake ctest cpack ccmake cmake-gui; do
      ln -s ~/Support/cmake-3.13.4-Linux-x86_64/bin/$name ~/bin/$name
    done
    
  1. You MUST download the standard CMake binary because the distributed version of CMake cannot be used to build slicer.
    See here for more details.

CentOS

See instructions reported in qt5-centos7/Dockerfile


MacOSX

  • XCode command line tools must be installed:
 xcode-select --install
  • El Capitan is what most developers use.
  • CMake 3.12.2 is recommended. Check the minimum required CMake version here
  • Qt 5: tested and recommended.
    • For building Slicer: download and execute qt-unified-mac-x64-online.dmg, install Qt 5.10, make sure to select qtscript and qtwebengine components.
    • For packaging and redistributing Slicer: build Qt using qt-easy-build

MacOSX 10.9.4 (Mavericks)

(1) Make sure to install this update: http://support.apple.com/kb/DL1754

(2) Use CMake 3.12.2 - it is known to be working and is supported (if you want to use CMake already installed on your system, 2.8.12.2 is known to work on Mac OS X 10.9.5)

$ curl -O http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.11-Darwin64-universal.tar.gz
$ tar -xzvf cmake-2.8.11-Darwin64-universal.tar.gz --strip-components=1
$ CMake\ 2.8-11.app/Contents/bin/cmake --version
cmake version 2.8.11
  • Git >= 1.7.10
  • Svn >= 1.7
  • XCode (for the SDK libs)
    • After installing XCode, install XCode command line developer tools:
xcode-select --install

Mac OSX 10.11 (El Capitan)

XCode up to version 7 is known to work for Slicer compilation. XCode 8 breaks things on several levels for now. Remember to install XCode command line tools (see above) if a reinstall for XCode is needed.

The standard Qt4 installers fail on this version and the 4.8.6 source code won't build. But as described on the slicer-devel mailing list it is possible to install the homebrew version of qt4 which patches it to work on El Capitan (see below).

  • Install the OS, Xcode, and XQuartz (see MacOSX 10.10 above)
  • Install Qt4 by running the following two commands:
brew install qt4
xcode-select --install
  • TCL does not build correctly on El Capitan as of 2015-12-03, so when building Slicer turn `Slicer_USE_PYTHONQT_WITH_TCL` off.

Mac OSX 10.12 (Sierra)

Similar to 10.11 (El Capitan), there are new issues with Qt4 (caused by Phonon). The GitHub user Cartr offered a patch to the brew team, and even though it was not integrated (the homebrew team decided to stop patching their recipe to encourage people to use Qt5), he turned his formula into a tap that can be installed (see below).

Follow instructions for 10.11 (Installing Xcode, XQuartz, run without TCL) but install Qt4 like shown below instead:

brew install cartr/qt4/qt
xcode-select --install

Confirmed with Xcode:

  • Version 8.1 (8B62) and cmake version 3.4.20151021-g8fbc8e
  • Version 8.3.3 and cmake 3.5.2


Mac OSX 10.14 (Mojave)

Associated discussion topic is https://discourse.slicer.org/t/building-on-mac-10-14-mojave/4554/21

  • Install XCode:
xcode-select --install


  • Build qt from homebrew
brew install qt
ccmake -DCMAKE_OSX_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=10.14 -DQt5_DIR=/usr/local//Cellar/qt/5.13.2/lib/cmake/Qt5 ~/slicer/latest/Slicer

  • Explicitly set the SDK when running make
SDKROOT=/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/MacOSX.platform/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.15.sdk make -j20

Note if you have build errors in dcmtk related to iconv symbols, you may need to uninstall the icu4c and dcmtk homebrew packages during the build process. See here and here.

Windows

Common Prerequisites

  • CMake >= 3.13.4
  • Git >= 1.7.10
    • Note CMake must be able to find git.exe and patch.exe. If git is installed in the default location then they may be found there, but if they are not found then either add the folder that contains them to PATH environment variable; or set GIT_EXECUTABLE and Patch_EXECUTABLE as environment variables or as CMake variables at configure time.
  • Subversion (SVN) client: any SVN client that has command line tools
    • SlikSvn , or
    • TortoiseSVN - make sure you install Command line client tools component (disabled by default)
  • NSIS (optional): Needed if packaging Slicer - Click here to download. Make sure you install the language packs.
  • Qt5: Download download Qt 5.10.0 installer from here and install Qt along with qtscript and qtwebengine components (5.10.x version is not available in the unified installer). For building with VS2015, Qt version 5.10.x or older is required (newer versions do not compile with VS2015 due to QWebEngine minimum requirement is VS2017). For more details, read step-by-step guide.

Tested and recommended build environment

Experimental/deprecated build environments

  • Visual Studio 2017 or 2019 (Community or any other edition) with VS2017 build tools (tested, works well)
    • When configuring Visual Studio installer, enable installation of Visual Studio 2017 (v141) toolset
    • Visual Studio 2017 toolset must be set in CMake: Optional toolset to use (argument to -T) need to be set to v141
    • Most recent Qt versions can be used (tested with Qt-5.12.7)
  • Visual Studio 2017 or 2019 (Community or any other edition) with VS2015 build tools (tested, works well)
    • When configuring Visual Studio installer, enable installation of component VC++ 2015.3 v14.00 (v140) toolset for desktop
    • Visual Studio 2015 toolset must be set in CMake: Optional toolset to use (argument to -T) need to be set to v140
  • Cygwin (untested, probably does not work)
    • Cygwin suite (building with cygwin gcc not supported, but the cygwin shell environment can be used to run git, svn, etc).