Difference between revisions of "Documentation/4.0/Developers/Build Instructions"
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Latest revision as of 07:36, 14 June 2013Home < Documentation < 4.0 < Developers < Build Instructions
For the latest Slicer developers documentation, visit the Nightly page.
| The goal of the CMake Super-Build is to provide a cross-platform build system that allows developers to quickly install and configure the multiple packages.
Where Slicer3's build system relied on a custom build script called getbuildtest, new features added to CMake, partly driven by slicer's requirements, allow porting of the scripts to rely more on native CMake functionality with the benefit that build script is more modular and general purpose.
- 1 PREREQUISITES
- 2 CHECKOUT slicer source files
- 3 CONFIGURE and generate Slicer solution files
- 4 BUILD Slicer4
- 5 RUN Slicer
- 6 DEBUG Slicer
- 7 Common errors
- 7.1 error: ‘class QList<QString>’ has no member named ‘reserve’
- 7.2 libarchive.so: undefined reference to `SHA256_Update'
- 7.3 A tool returned an error code from "Performing configure step for ..."
- 7.4 A tool returned an error code from "Performing download step (git clone) for ..."
- 7.5 No rule to make target `/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libGL.so'
- 7.6 X11 Window errors at start time
- 7.7 error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'ssize_t'
- 8 Platform Notes
recommend to read the
CHECKOUT slicer source files
To make review and integration of your welcome contributions, we recommends the use of
| While it is not enforced, we strongly recommend you to AVOID the use of SPACES for both the
Note that even if you use
svn to check out Slicer source code, you will need to have
git installed to checkout and build other libraries. YES, you need to install the things listed in the prerequisites !.
git clone git://github.com/Slicer/Slicer.git cd Slicer git svn init http://svn.slicer.org/Slicer4/trunk git update-ref refs/remotes/git-svn refs/remotes/origin/master git checkout master git svn rebase
Consider reading the following page: Slicer guide to
cd MyProjects svn co http://svn.slicer.org/Slicer4/trunk Slicer4
CONFIGURE and generate Slicer solution files
You can configure and generate Slicer solution files using either
- Configure using default options.
- If you downloaded the Qt binary then
qmakewill be detected and all paths will be set automatically.
- If you built your own Qt (e.g. in Debug mode for use with the designer) set the
QT_QMAKE_EXECUTABLEshould be set to the path of the qmake.exe file, which is inside the bin directory (for example,
- Windows doesn't support path longer than 260 characters, please make sure that the total path name of your
Slicer-builddirectory is no longer than 50 characters ( for example
c:\work\Slicer\Slicer-Superbuild(32 characters) is fine)
- Configure using the following commands. By default CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE is set to Debug.
mkdir Slicer4-SuperBuild-Debug cd Slicer4-SuperBuild-Debug ccmake -DQT_QMAKE_EXECUTABLE:FILEPATH=/path/to/QtSDK-1.2/Desktop/Qt/474/gcc/bin/qmake ../Slicer4
- Using top-level directory name like
Two projects are generated by either
One of them is in the top-level bin directory
Slicer4-Superbuild and the other one is in the subdirectory
- The first project in
Slicer4-Superbuildmanages all the external dependencies of Slicer (VTK, ITK, Python, ...). To build Slicer for the first time, run make (or build the solution file in Visual Studio) in
Slicer4-Superbuild, which will update and build the external libraries and if successful will then build the subproject Slicer-build.
- The second project in
Slicer4-Superbuild/Slicer-buildis the "traditional" build directory of Slicer. After local changes in Slicer (or after an svn update on the source directory of Slicer), only running make (or building the solution file in Visual Studio) in
Slicer4-Superbuild/Slicer-buildis necessary (the external libraries are considered built and up to date).
- Warning: An important amount of disk space is required to compile Slicer in Debug (>10GB on Windows)
Workaround firewall blocking git protocol
- Some firewall will be blocking the git protocol, a possible workaround is to configure Slicer disabling the option
Slicer_USE_GIT_PROTOCOL. Then http protocol will be used instead. Consider also reading https://github.com/commontk/CTK/issues/33
Notes for advanced users
- By default, if CMake finds Java on your machine, it automatically builds Java CLIs. If you don't want any Java in your Slicer (or if you don't want to install Java on your Mac Os X), you can pass
-DCMAKE_DISABLE_FIND_PACKAGE_Java:BOOL=TRUEwhen configuring Slicer.
- Same applies for OpenSSL:
CMAKE_DISABLE_FIND_PACKAGE_OpenSSL:BOOL=TRUEcan be passed when building Slicer for packaging.
After configuration, start the build process in the
Slicer4-SuperBuild\Slicer.slnin Visual Studio
- Select your build configuration. Usually Release of Debug
- Build the
- If you make local changes to Slicer4, open the solution file located in the directory
Slicer4-SuperBuild/Slicer-buildinstead. You should then be able to either build all projects or just a specific one.
cd ~/Projects/Slicer4-SuperBuild make -j<NUMBEROFCORES>
- Make sure you build Slicer using the Debug configuration.
- Open a windows terminal
- Execute the following command:
cd \path\to\Slicer4-SuperBuild\Slicer-build Slicer.exe --VisualStudio Slicer.sln
error: ‘class QList<QString>’ has no member named ‘reserve’
/nfs/Users/blowekamp/QtSDK/Desktop/Qt/474/gcc/include/QtCore/qdatastream.h: In function ‘QDataStream& operator>>(QDataStream&, QList<T>&) [with T = QString]’: /nfs/Users/blowekamp/QtSDK/Desktop/Qt/474/gcc/include/QtCore/qstringlist.h:247: instantiated from here /nfs/Users/blowekamp/QtSDK/Desktop/Qt/474/gcc/include/QtCore/qdatastream.h:246: error: ‘class QList<QString>’ has no member named ‘reserve’
You have multiple Qt versions installed on your machine. Try removing the Qt version installed on the system.
libarchive.so: undefined reference to `SHA256_Update'
Linking CXX executable ../../../../../bin/MRMLLogicCxxTests /home/benjaminlong/work/slicer/Slicer4-Superbuild-Debug/LibArchive-install/lib/libarchive.so: undefined reference to `SHA256_Update' /home/benjaminlong/work/slicer/Slicer4-Superbuild-Debug/LibArchive-install/lib/libarchive.so: undefined reference to `SHA256_Final' /home/benjaminlong/work/slicer/Slicer4-Superbuild-Debug/LibArchive-install/lib/libarchive.so: undefined reference to `SHA256_Init' /home/benjaminlong/work/slicer/Slicer4-Superbuild-Debug/LibArchive-install/lib/libarchive.so: undefined reference to `MD5_Init'
cd Slicer-superbuild rm -rf LibArchive-* make -j4
A tool returned an error code from "Performing configure step for ..."
Older CMake versions had some problems building complex projects on Windows7 (see more details in: http://cmake.org/Bug/view.php?id=12957). Make sure you use the required CMake version.
A tool returned an error code from "Performing download step (git clone) for ..."
CMake has problems cloning git repositories on Windows7. See more details in http://cmake.org/Bug/view.php?id=12564
If you think the described problem is the same as you have, please add your specific error message to the bug report (the more people report the problem the sooner it will be fixed).
No rule to make target `/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libGL.so'
X11 Window errors at start time
X Error: BadWindow (invalid Window parameter) 3 Extension: 137 (Uknown extension) Minor opcode: 4 (Unknown request) Resource id: 0x4200199 X Error: BadWindow (invalid Window parameter) 3 Extension: 137 (Uknown extension) Minor opcode: 4 (Unknown request) Resource id: 0x42001a6 X Error: BadWindow (invalid Window parameter) 3 Extension: 137 (Uknown extension) Minor opcode: 4 (Unknown request) Resource id: 0x42001b3
- Reinstall Nvidia drivers (that also rewrite the xorg.conf file).
error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'ssize_t'
4>1>Compiling... 4>1>version.c 4>1>c:\chene\winbin64\slicer4\cmcurl\urldata.h(585) : error C2061: syntax error : identifier 'ssize_t' 4>1>c:\chene\winbin64\slicer4\cmcurl\urldata.h(593) : error C2365: 'fread' : redefinition; previous definition was 'function' 4>1> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\include\stdio.h(248) : see declaration of 'fread' 4>1>c:\chene\winbin64\slicer4\cmcurl\urldata.h(610) : error C2059: syntax error : '}'
- Linux Ubuntu: if you have odd rendering artifacts, try disabling visual effects (System/Appearance/Visual Effects)
- Unix-Like: remember that "make" wrapping calls to pull source makes it very much not idempotent; re-running make after a build error may get past the previously encountered error. Kind of like re-compiling LaTeX many times to fix references.
- Windows: If build was OK, but it Slicer doesn't start (gives the error: [bin/Release/SlicerQT-real.exe] exit abnormally - Report the problem.) then one possible root cause is that you have a copy of Python26.dll in your windows system directory (e.g., c:\Windows\System32\python26.dll). The solution is to rename or remove the python dll in the system directory. See more details here: http://www.na-mic.org/Bug/view.php?id=1180